2017年12月29日星期五

来自Cecilia Rouse的生活建议

Cecilia Rouse被授予美国经济协会委员会颁发的2017年贝尔奖,这些妇女地位委员会在经济学职业中,“承认并授予了一个进一步的妇女地位在经济学界的个人”。Lisa Barrow发表了一篇短暂的“贝尔奖获奖者Cecilia E. Rouse”的“采访”CSWEP新闻(2017,2,第1,12-13页)。我被唤醒所提供的两位生命建议所震撼,值得仔细考虑到新的一年方法。
巴罗:“我听到的两件事情反复说”职业生涯很长“,”一天只有24小时。“你能详细说明你的意思吗?“
rouse:“这些可能是我最喜欢的,(从我的角度来看)对女性的最深刻的建议......而且真的是每个人。通过`职业生涯很长',我的意思是一个人不能在一篇文章或论文中回答所有问题。我经常看到学生们努力将他们的论文斗争,因为他们试图回答他们的研究过程中可能出现的每个问题,这通常会导致他们远离论文的原始问题。当然,一些进化是良好的健康。But I also remind students that if they choose a job that involves research, they will have a lifetime to address many questions. In fact, I also do not believe that any one paper is ever dispositive so it’s actually quite fruitless to try. Rather, we advance our understanding of the world by putting together pieces of evidence from many different places, researchers, and contexts and seeing the picture that emerges.
"As for there being only 24 hours in the day, this is the piece of advice about which I feel the strongest, mostly because I see people trying to elude it every day. The saying itself should actually be quite familiar to economists as it’s really just a statement about a time constraint. But as we push with ever-improving technology and the illusion of multi-tasking, we believe that we can somehow beat it. However, while we can ease an income constraint by giving an individual more money, we have yet to find a way to give anyone more time (not that we don’t try!). This is really the hardest, most intractable of constraints. And it basically means that we all have to make choices— real choices. One cannot `have it all' (which is antithetical to the notion of a budget constraint) but one can maximize one’s utility subject to the time reality. Fundamentally this means that it is critical to identify our highest priorities and do them (and attempt to do them well) and learn to say no to others demands. One cannot do everything and it’s useless to try."
巴罗:“任何最后的智慧?”
唤醒:;“花时间享受生命的小时刻。我下午的一个亮点是咖啡的黑巧克力。”